1. SpaceX Keeps U.S. Air Force's Confidence After Satellite's Loss (Bloomberg) The U.S. Air Force command that certified Elon Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp. for military missions says it remains confident in the company’s capabilities despite the disappearance this month of a classified satellite it launched. 2. Shutdown over: Congress reaches deal to restart government operations (Military Times) The government is set to fully reopen on Tuesday, after congressional leaders finalized a new budget extension Monday evening. 3. Spending patch deal signals defense hike, hawks predict (Defense News) Pro-defense lawmakers read progress on ending a three-day-old government shutdown as momentum towards a long-term Pentagon budget boost, but there’s still a ways to go. 4. Time to bust the caps? Senators feel optimistic about a defense budget deal as government prepares to reopen (Washington Examiner) A newly unveiled deal to reopen the federal government also bodes well for a potential agreement on an overdue 2018 defense spending bill, Senate Republicans and Democrats said Monday. 5. AMVETS says NFL censored its ad against flag protests (Military Times) AMVETS officials are decrying “corporate censorship” from the National Football League for their decision not to run an ad in their Super Bowl program which responds to league players’ decision to kneel for the national anthem in protest of national equality issues. Overseas Operations Pentagon denies ISIS claim of killing U.S. soldier (Military Times) The Pentagon shot down a claim by the Islamic State that it killed a U.S. soldier in Afghanistan Monday. Peer competitors ready to ‘hand it to us,’ Marine general says (Marine Corps Times) There is a growing threat of peer competitors ready to challenge the U.S., and a need to maintain readiness and interoperability among NATO allies, the commander of Marine Corps Forces Europe and Africa warned Friday. Jim Mattis: US 'very alert' to tensions between Turks and Kurds in Syria (Washington Examiner) Defense Secretary Jim Mattis expressed concern Monday over Turkey’s attack on Kurdish forces the U.S. has armed to fight the Islamic State. US Asks Turkey to Show Restraint in Syria (Voice of America) The United States is expressing concern about Turkey’s offensive in northern Syria and top officials are appealing for restraint and expressing concern the conflict could spread. Doctor who aided hunt for Osama bin Laden languishes in Pakistan jail (The Associated Press) Shakil Afridi has languished in jail for years — since 2011, when the Pakistani doctor used a vaccination scam in an attempt to identify Osama bin Laden’s home, aiding U.S. Navy SEALs who tracked and killed the al-Qaida leader. U.S. warns Russia on Syria’s chemical weapons after new attack is reported (Japan Times) The United States sternly criticized Russia’s failure to rein in its Syrian ally, Bashar Assad, on Monday after reports of a new regime chemical weapons strike. Afghan official: Death toll from Kabul attack rises to 22 (The Associated Press) An Afghan official says that the death toll from the Taliban attack over the weekend on Kabul's Intercontinental Hotel has risen to 22, including 14 foreigners and eight Afghans. Tillerson: US may miss Iran nuclear deal deadline (The Hill) Secretary of State Rex Tillerson on Monday said the U.S. may not be able fix the flaws in the Iran nuclear agreement in time to meet a White House deadline, a remark that comes shortly before talks on Iran with three European countries get underway next week. Pentagon Mattis in Southeast Asia, Amid Fresh US Focus on China (Voice of America) Just days after unveiling a new Pentagon strategy that prioritizes the U.S. geopolitical rivalry with China, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is getting a chance to start implementing it. Pentagon Deputy Tapped For Powerful New Management Role (DefenseOne) The chief management officer position would focus on business reform but include IT and data management responsibilities. Pentagon and watchdog at odds over efforts to prevent sexual abuse of children by Afghan troops (Washington Post) A government watchdog suggested that Congress might want to prohibit the Defense Department from spending money on Afghan military units whose members sexually abuse children or commit other human rights violations. But the Pentagon disagreed with that idea, saying such incidents must be weighed against U.S. national security interests. Troops will get paid this week despite shutdown (Military Times) The good news for troops and furloughed government employees concerned about the ongoing government shutdown is that it won’t stop their paychecks this week. Fisher House CEO: Government shutdowns shouldn't bring more burdens to families of the fallen (Military Times) Families of the fallen shouldn’t suffer even more during a government shutdown, said the chairman and CEO of the Fisher House Foundation. Army Army identifies 2 soldiers killed in Apache crash (Army Times) The Army has identified two 4th Infantry Division soldiers who were killed when their helicopter crashed during training Saturday morning at Fort Irwin, California. Soldier killed, 5 injured when military vehicles crash (Army Times) One soldier was killed and five others injured in a three-vehicle collision on Friday, according to officials with the Florida National Guard. The Army’s Ryan McCarthy Pulls the Plug on Bad Acquisitions (Roll Call) There’s something different about the Army these days. In a word, it is humility. Military project aims to combat disease outbreaks, protect warfighters (Army Times) Flu season has been rough this year, with cases of the virus widespread across the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported. Navy Congress wants a close eye on Navy progress (Navy Times) The head of the House Armed Services Committee’s subcommittee on seapower and projection forces said last week that he wants Navy leadership to report to lawmakers every 90 days on the progress they are making in implementing reforms recommended in two reviews undertaken after warship collisions last summer killed 17 sailors. Navy’s oldest warship comes out of Yokosuka dry dock after 19 months (Stars & Stripes) The Navy’s oldest warship has completed a 19-month dry dock period designed to extend its life another 20 years. Two Vinson aviators log 1,000th carrier landing — together (Navy Times) Two senior aviators aboard the aircraft carrier Carl Vinson joined a short list of fliers on Jan. 18 when they logged a 1,000th arrested landing, or “trap,” according to a press release issued by the ship. Air Force Air Force taps brigadier general to look into hypoxia, related issues (Air Force Times) The Air Force has assembled a team to look into the rash of hypoxia and other alarming physiological events endangering the safety of pilots. A-10s deploy to Afghan fight as US hopes to bomb the Taliban into submission (Stars & Stripes) A squadron of A-10C “Warthog” Thunderbolt IIs deployed to this sprawling airfield in southern Afghanistan last week and has already started flying missions as part of a U.S. and Afghan air campaign targeting Taliban drug facilities. Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson: 'This is not a game. It's a very dangerous world' (Washington Examiner) Heather Wilson took over as Air Force secretary last May, making her the first of three service secretaries in President Trump's Pentagon. Marine Corps Modernizing infantry Marines: Big changes coming as grunts take on more special ops-style missions (Marine Corps Times) The Corps is on a major push to overhaul how its fundamental basic unit operates in battle — providing grunts with modernized equipment and new roles and responsibilities. Marines still predominantly learning Arabic as other threats loom (Marine Corps Times) At one of the largest foreign language schools in the world, Marines are still predominantly learning Arabic. Leader of U.S. Marines on Okinawa failed to report officer’s offenses, report reveals (Japan Times) Top U.S. military officials in Okinawa Prefecture failed to report offenses, including sexual harassment, committed by a senior officer under their command, according to a recent report from the Inspector General of the Marine Corps. Inside The Marine Corps’ Heated Campaign To Protect Its Sacred Brand (Task and Purpose) In 2002, Jeff Morin was a young lance corporal, just two years into a hitch in the Marines, when he struck on a business idea that combined his pride and his artistry: designing challenge coins out of his Camp Lejeune barracks. The Marine Corps Wants to Make Cyber More Like Special Ops (Military.com) It's not the kind of offer you'd expect the commandant of the Marine Corps to make. National Guard Minnesota calls on National Guard to help motorists stranded by snow (Pioneer Press) Minnesota has called on the National Guard to rescue and shelter motorists stranded by a heavy snowstorm Monday. Coast Guard Lockheed Martin engineer blew whistle on Coast Guard radio flaws (North Bay Business Journal) Lockheed Martin, a Maryland-based defense contractor with revenue above $47 billion, agreed to pay $4.4 million to resolve allegations that it provided defective communications equipment to the U.S. Coast Guard security cutters, according to Alex Tse, acting U.S. attorney in San Francisco. The deal was announced Jan. 19. Defense Industry Unpredictable Pentagon Spending Causing Vendors to Leave Marketplace; Research and Development Stagnant (USNI News) Speaking Monday at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a panel of experts responded to the findings of a report quantifying how defense spending cuts, enacted by the Budget Control Act of 2011, has caused a dramatic number of defense industry suppliers to leave the market while chilling industry’s research and development activities. Airbus Helicopters reports deliveries dip, upbeat on military refit versions (Defense News) Airbus Helicopters has reported a fall in 2017 deliveries, to 409 helicopters from 418 units shipped in the previous year, reflecting weakness in the civil oil and gas industry. D13’s MESMER applies RF manipulation for C-UAS (IHS Jane’s 360) Department 13 (D13) is teaming with Raytheon to support its MESMER system, a counter unmanned aircraft system (C-UAS) capability that can detect and stop or redirect a UAS. Singapore reveals delivery date for first Airbus tanker (Defense News) Singapore will take delivery of its first Airbus Defence and Space A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport later this year, as the country’s Air Force celebrates its 50th anniversary. Rheinmetall Rolls Out ‘Safer’ Active Protection For Tanks (Breaking Defense) German arms maker Rheinmetall is rolling out a new Active Protection System (APS) it says should lay Army safety concerns about such systems to rest. Orao to overhaul Klimov helicopter engines (IHS Jane’s 360) The Or?o JSC engine production and overhaul company in Republika Srpska (RS), one of the two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, will soon become an authorised heavy maintenance facility for Klimov helicopter engines. General Dynamics firm hires as it preps to build ballistic-missile subs (The Associated Press) General Dynamics’ Electric Boat says its workforce continues to grow as it prepares to build a new class of ballistic-missile submarines. Shipyard boss seeks employee relations reset as Navy demand increases (The Associated Press) After a stormy chapter in labor relations, the leader of Bath Iron Works aims to collaborate more with workers as the shipbuilder completes production of a stealthy class of destroyers and competes for an entirely new class of smaller warships. Veterans The Obstacles Facing VA In Its Fight To End Veteran Homelessness (Task & Purpose) At a time when the Department of Veterans Affairs has its hands full combating the opiate epidemic among veterans; walking a tightrope on medical cannabis research; chipping away at its claims backlog; and ending veterans suicide, it’s struggling to find time and resources to end veteran homelessness. National Security ‘We are in your home’: After losses, ISIS steps up campaign to inspire attacks (Washington Post) The diminished terrorist group is turning up the volume in urging followers to carry out lone-wolf strikes wherever they are. Cyber, Space & Surveillance New missile warning satellite launched from Cape Canaveral (C4ISRNET) The Air Force launched the fourth satellite in its next-generation missile warning constellation aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket Friday from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. How to test high-energy lasers without frying satellites (C4ISRNET) One day in the future, the Defense Department could use lasers to knock out drones and blow up incoming rockets. The New Way Your Computer Can Be Attacked (The Atlantic ) Unprecedented computer-chip vulnerabilities exposed this month paint a grim picture of the future of cybersecurity. #schumershutdown trending with Russia-linked Twitter bots (Federal Times) In the last 48 hours, Congress has contended with how to end a government shutdown that began over the weekend, and Russian Twitter bots have made every effort to blame that shutdown on Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y. Design a Long-Haul Drone And Win Up to $320,000 (NextGov) A National Institute of Standards and Technology contest wants the drone that can haul the most for the longest flight time. International Affairs Abe pledges more robust defense strategy for Japan in annual policy speech to lawmakers (Japan Times) In his annual policy speech, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe vowed Monday to adopt a more muscular defense policy while easing off from his usual praise for South Korea following the recent diplomatic flap over the 2015 “comfort women” agreement. Head of Britain's Army warns of eroding capability (The Associated Press) Britain’s Army chief warned Monday that the country’s ability to withstand attack and respond to threats is being eroded by a lack of investment in the military, increasing pressure on the government to boost defense spending. Pence to Israel: US embassy will move to Jerusalem in 2019 (The Associated Press) Vice President Mike Pence told Israel’s parliament on Monday that the U.S. embassy will move to Jerusalem by the end of 2019, receiving a rousing ovation as he pledged to barrel ahead with a plan that has set off weeks of unrest and thrown U.S. peace efforts into disarray. The US is looking to boost defense ties in the Pacific to keep an edge over China (Reuters) US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said on Monday he would explore deepening defense ties during a visit to Indonesia, a country that appears increasingly ready to assert its sovereignty in the contested South China Sea. 50 years after key Vietnam battles, Mattis seeks closer ties (Military Times) A half-century after the Tet Offensive punctured American hopes of victory in Vietnam, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is visiting the former enemy in search of a different kind of win: incremental progress as partners in a part of the world the Pentagon has identified as vital for the United States to compete with China and Russia. Hundreds Hurry for Cover During Tokyo’s First Missile Drill (Bloomberg) The government planned Monday’s exercise to raise awareness about taking action should a ballistic device be detected heading for the densely populated Japanese capital. Commentary & Analysis In budget brinkmanship, death gratuities should be ‘essential’ (Military Times) As the shutdown showdown progressed, the term “political football” got thrown around to the point of cliché. The Navy's dicey decision to pursue homicide charges (Navy Times) The Navy took a stunning and historic measure on Jan. 16 by charging two commanding officers with negligent homicide in the two ship collisions last summer. Opinion: Turkey attacking the most effective anti-IS force in Syria (Deutsche Welle ) By launching an offensive against Kurdish YPG militias in northern Syria, Turkey is again proving itself to be an unpredictable actor. The failure of Turkey's partners to speak up smacks of cynicism, says Kersten Knipp. The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers (War On The Rocks) The words “soldier” and “airman” do not immediately evoke the image of workers in grease-stained coveralls turning wrenches on tanks, personnel carriers, trucks, and aircraft. Opinion: Why Pentagon Budget Boost Is Not A Done Deal (Aviation Week) There is a strong consensus that the U.S. is set to embark on a multi-year period of defense budget growth.